Camera Settings for Moon Photography

How to Take Moon-ingful Photographs at Night? Go-to Camera Settings for Moon Photography

Moon Photography

As photographers, we have the power to capture the beauty of our universe and share it with the world!

Astrophotography is the photography of astronomical objects, celestial events, and areas of the night sky which includes Moon Photography, Star Trails Photography, Milky Way Photography, Northern Lights Photography and more. We’ve already covered Sun Photography in our earlier blog, now let’s dive into Moon Photography.

Best Camera Settings for Moon Photography

Moon is beautiful and mysterious in all its phases – be it the Full Moon, Crescent Moon, isn’t it? Well, if you’re a night owl – you’ll love photographing the moon.

How to photograph the moon? (Pro tips for Moon Photography)

  • Use your longest lens 300mm or more (you can also try with 200mm or 250mm) to click the photograph of the moon
  • Depending on your creative vision – how do you want to compose the photograph, what elements of the scene you want in the frame, you can choose to go for Wide-angle lens or Zoom lens
  • If you’re using Manual Mode, you can use the ‘Looney 11 Rule’: Set Aperture to f/11 and Shutter Speed to the reciprocal of the ISO you’ve set.

For instance, set aperture to f/11, if you’re using ISO 400, then set shutter speed to 1/400 secs; if ISO 1600 then shutter speed of 1/1600 sec and so on

  • If you’re using either Aperture Priority mode or Shutter Priority mode, then to avoid the moon in your photograph to look like a white disc (without its craters), dial down Exposure Compensation to -2, -3, -4 or -5 so that the resulting image looks natural and depicts the craters on the moon’s surface (Remember: Exposure Compensation doesn’t work in Manual Mode)

You can experiment with settings like for ISO begin from 400 till 1600 and go for mid-range aperture: f/8 – f/11

  • Manual focus mode recommended; sometimes in Autofocus mode – it may be difficult for the camera to detect and set focus on the moon (it depends on the brightness of the moon, if the moon is bright enough – autofocus mode works)

Talking about Autofocus mode – Canon is expected to launch a new R-mount flagship camera by the name Canon EOS R1 with Quad-Pixel AF system (QPAF) that would improve autofocus accuracy no matter what orientation the subject or the camera is in. (Obviously, it will be more expensive than its recent released Canon EOS R5 and Canon EOS R6 full-frame mirrorless cameras which are priced at Rs.3, 39,995 and Rs.2, 15,995 respectively)

  • If the exposure you’ve set is low, even if you press the shutter release button, it won’t allow you to click the photo or release the shutter

For instance, your settings are aperture: f/11, ISO 800, Shutter Speed: 1/800 sec, then try a different setting by increasing the exposure, maybe you can use f/11, ISO 1600, Shutter Speed: 1/1600 sec or less

  • Tripod is highly recommended to avoid a blur photograph and give you a sharp image of the moon
  • If you don’t have a tripod, you can increase the ISO but remember a higher ISO will produce a more grainy image; so set your ISO accordingly
  • Use Self-timer mode to eliminate the possibility of camera shake when you release the shutter button to take the shot
  • Set the focus to infinity (you will find the infinity symbol ∞ on your camera lens)

If you don’t have the infinity symbol ∞ then go for the hard stop of your camera’s focus ring which is the place at which the focus ring will turn no further.

  • Try both the possibilities to shoot the moon – Live View mode and through the Viewfinder to check what works best for you in the given lighting conditions

Take a look at the below pictures and Camera Settings that were used to photograph the moon:

Phase of the Moon: First Quarter

(It is a primary Moon phase when we can see exactly half of the Moon’s visible surface illuminated)

How to photograph the moon

Camera Settings – Aperture: f/5.6, Shutter Speed: 1/1600 sec, ISO: 1600, Focal length: 250mm, Exposure Compensation: -5, Focus was set to infinity

Phase of the Moon: First Quarter (with a different setting)

Moon Photo

Camera Settings – Aperture: f/5.6, Shutter Speed: 1/60 sec, ISO: 1600, Focal length: 250mm, Exposure Compensation: -5, Focus was set to infinity

Phase of the Moon: Waxing Gibbous

(It is the intermediate phase, Waxing means moon is getting bigger; Gibbous refers to the shape, which is less than the full circle of a Full Moon, but larger than the semicircle shape of the Moon at the Third Quarter)

Phases of the Moon Photograph

Camera Settings – (Looney 11 Rule was used) Aperture: f/11, Shutter Speed: 1/1600 sec, ISO: 1600, Focal length: 250mm, Focus was set to infinity

Photograph of the White Desert of Kutch (India) using Wide-angle lens

Moon photography using wide angle lens

Camera Settings – Aperture: f/5, Shutter Speed: 1/200 sec, ISO: 100, Focal length: 46mm

We bring you ‘Jo & His Camera’ Comic Strips wherein a Magical Camera gives DSLR photography tutorials to Jo.

Click on the below Image to see the Comic wherein the Camera explains Jo, the concept  of Moon Photography with the help of practical examples.

Camera Settings to photograph the moon

Keywords: DSLR Basics, Photography Basics, Basics of Photography, Photography Tips, Photography Skills, Composition, DSLR Photography for Beginners, DSLR Photography Tutorials, learn DSLR Photography, learn photography, Incredible India, Nature Photography, Travel Photography, Camera Settings, Best Camera Settings, Moon Photography Camera Settings, DSLR Camera Settings, Sun Photography, Astrophotography, Night Photography, Lunar Photography, Looney 11 Rule in Photography, Phases of the Moon, Canon Camera, Photography, dslr photo, digital photography, photography for beginners, photography website, basic photography, photographyblog, photography tutorials, photography business, photography lessons, free online photography tutorials, photography tutorials for beginners, digital photography tutorials, best photography tutorials, dslr camera tutorial, dslr photography tutorial, dslr tutorial for beginners, free photography tutorials, photography tutorials online  

When you do photography: Remember the 5E’s – Explore, Experiment, Experience, Enjoy & Express.  

Do Share The Learning – Like It, Post It, Pin It, Tweet It!

So, have you photographed the moon yet? If yes – do share your moon photographs and the settings you used to photograph it, in the comment box below.

Camera Settings for Sunrise Photography, Sunset Photography and Everything in Between

Camera Settings for Sunrise Photography, Sunset Photography and Everything in Between

Camera Settings for Sunrise Photography and Sunset Photography

Looking for photography inspiration? Well, our world is full of inspiration – sometimes we find it within, sometimes in nature, wildlife, people and so on.

To sharpen your photography skills, you visit photography tutorials websites and check out famous photographers’ works on the internet and social media.

Sunset on Beach Photography

One of the best places to get inspired is ‘Movies’; you get entertained while learning composition skills from their excellent cinematography, isn’t it? Talking about sunrise photography, I fell in love with the opening scene of a beautiful lake at sunrise in the popular Hollywood movie ‘The Notebook’.

Blue Hour Photography

You can capture the beauty of the Blue Hour which occurs before sunrise and after sunset; it lasts between 20 – 40 mins before sunrise and between 20 – 40 mins after sunset before it gets too dark. Sometimes, you may also see orange, yellow, pink colours near the horizon.

Golden hour photography

The Golden Hour aka Magic Hour is also a great photo op that occurs after sunrise and before sunset; it lasts for about 40 mins after sunrise and 40 mins before sunset.

Take a look at the below photographs and Camera Settings that were used to capture them:

Before Sunset

Camera settings for Sun Photography

Camera SettingsAperture: f/22, Shutter Speed: 1/100 sec, ISO: 100, Focal length: 55mm

Shining Clouds before Sunset

Camera settings for sunset  photography

Camera Settings – Aperture: f/32, Shutter Speed: 1/100 sec, ISO: 100, Focal length: 220mm

Setting Sun

Sunset Photography

Camera Settings-Aperture: f/5.6, Shutter Speed: 1/3200 sec, ISO: 800, Focal length: 250mm

Dramatic Sky after Sunset

DSLR Camera settings for sunset  photography

Camera Settings-Aperture: f/8, Shutter Speed: 1/250 sec, ISO: 800, Focal length: 55mm

Afternoon Sun Flare in the Dark Woods

Sun Flare photography

Camera Settings-Aperture: f/4.5, Shutter Speed: 1/1000 sec, ISO: 800

(Post processing was done in Lightroom to adjust exposure (brightness))

Sunrise in the City

Sunrise Photography

Camera Settings-Aperture: f/11, Shutter Speed: 1/320 sec, ISO: 200, Focal length: 105mm, Metering mode: Spot

Pro tips for Sun Photography

  • If you’re travelling to a new place, check the sunrise and sunset timings beforehand so that you can reach the place early and plan your composition for the photograph
  • Tripod will help in capturing better photographs 
  • Go for Wide angle lens/Zoom lens depending on your creative vision or what visual story you want to convey to the viewers

We bring you ‘Jo & His Camera’ Comic Strips wherein a Magical Camera gives DSLR photography tutorials to Jo.

Click on the below Image to see the Comic wherein the Camera explains Jo, the concept  of Sunrise and Sunset Photography with the help of practical examples.

Camera Settings for Sunrise and Sunset Photography

Keywords: DSLR Basics, Photography Basics, Basics of Photography, Photography Tips, Composition, DSLR Photography for Beginners, DSLR Photography Tutorials, learn DSLR Photography, learn photography, Incredible India, Nature Photography, Travel Photography, Mussoorie, Composition, Blue Hour, Golden Hour, Camera Settings, Sunrise Photography, Sunset Photography, Sun Flare Photograph, Types of Photography, Photography, dslr photo, digital photography, photography for beginners, photography website, basic photography, photographyblog, photography tutorials, photography business, photography lessons, free online photography tutorials, photography tutorials for beginners, digital photography tutorials, best photography tutorials, dslr camera tutorial, dslr photography tutorial, dslr tutorial for beginners, free photography tutorials, photography tutorials online

When you do photography: Remember the 5E’s – Explore, Experiment, Experience, Enjoy & Express.  

Do Share The Learning – Like It, Post It, Pin It, Tweet It!

So, what’s your favourite time to be out amidst nature and photograph it – is it Blue Hour, Golden Hour, Sunrise or Sunset?

All you need to know about Bird Photography

How To Photograph Birds? Camera Settings and Tips for Bird Photography

Have you heard of Salim Ali? Well, known as the ‘Birdman of India’, he was an Indian ornithologist and naturalist. His landmark creation ‘The Book of Indian Birds’ helped spark popular interest in the birds of India.

One of the popular genres of Nature Photography, Bird Photography requires a lot of patience and determination; it’s both – interesting and challenging.

Bird Photography

For Bird Photography, pay attention to the sound of birds – it will alert you of their arrival. Having sharp eyes will help you spot birds who camouflage/blend with their surroundings. You can photograph resting birds as well as birds in action.

Pro tips for Bird Photography

  • To photograph from a long distance, you need telephoto lens/zoom lens of at least 100 mm; 400 mm is ideal for close-ups and bird photography
  • Set your focus on the eyes of the bird
  • You can buy a bird feeder and attach to your window to attract birds
  • To shoot moving or flying birds, set a Fast Shutter Speed to freeze their action & avoid motion blur; go for 1/1000 sec or higher depending on your subject’s speed
  • You can use the Setting – Continuous Shooting so that you don’t miss out on any action/movement/motion of your subject
  • A Tripod is highly recommended to avoid camera shake or hold your camera closer to your body to support your arms & elbows for stability or find a surface to support your elbows or lean against a wall
  • Research your subject’s feeding/active time; be quiet & slow while approaching your subject

Take a look at the below pictures and Camera Settings that were used to photograph birds. In some cases, post processing was done in Lightroom to adjust exposure (brightness), contrast and sharpness:

Pigeon walking on the roof

Camera Settings – Aperture: f/5.6, Shutter Speed: 1/500 sec, ISO 800

Pigeon landing on the roof

Camera Settings – Aperture: f/ 5.6, Shutter Speed: 1/4000 sec, ISO: 800

Black Drongo sitting on the wire  

Camera SettingsAperture: f/5.6, Shutter Speed: 1/3200 sec, ISO 800

Common Tailorbird resting on the branch of the tree

Camera Settings – Aperture: f/5.6, Shutter Speed: 1/500 sec, ISO 800

Kite bird on the lookout for its prey

Camera Settings – Aperture: f/5.6, Shutter Speed: 1/1000 sec, ISO 800

Curious Myna looking into my camera

Camera Settings – Aperture: f/5.6, Shutter Speed: 1/1000 sec, ISO 800

When the Myna turned its head 180 degrees

Camera Settings – Aperture: f/5.6, Shutter Speed: 1/800 sec, ISO 800

Robin singing and posing for me 

Camera Settings – Aperture: f/5.6, Shutter Speed: 1/640 sec, ISO 800

Male Kite obeying the orders of his partner

Camera Settings – Aperture: f/5.6, Shutter Speed: 1/320 sec, ISO 800

Sparrow enjoying the light and shade of life

Camera Settings – Aperture: f/5.6, Shutter Speed: 1/640 sec, ISO 800

We bring you ‘Jo & His Camera’ Comic Strips wherein a Magical Camera gives DSLR photography tutorials to Jo.

Click on the below Image to see the Comic wherein the Camera explains Jo, the concept  of Bird Photography with the help of practical examples.

Click on the below Image to see the Comic wherein the Camera explains Jo, how to capture birds in action with the help of practical examples.

Keywords: DSLR Basics, Photography Basics, Basics of Photography, Photography Tips, Composition, DSLR Photography for Beginners, DSLR Photography Tutorials, learn DSLR Photography, learn photography, Incredible India, Nature Photography, Travel Photography, Black and White Photography, Bird Photography, Wildlife Photography, Types of Photography, Photography, dslr photo, digital photography, photography for beginners, photography website, basic photography, photographyblog, photography tutorials, photography business, photography lessons, free online photography tutorials, photography tutorials for beginners, digital photography tutorials, best photography tutorials, dslr camera tutorial, dslr photography tutorial, dslr tutorial for beginners, free photography tutorials, photography tutorials online

When you do photography: Remember the 5E’s – Explore, Experiment, Experience, Enjoy & Express.  

Do Share The Learning – Like It, Post It, Pin It, Tweet It! So, what’s your favourite type of photography? Is it Bird Photography?