How to Use Frame within a Frame Composition to Transform an Ordinary Scene into an Interesting Photo

Composition in photography empowers you to express your creativity and tell a story through your picture.

We have explained how to use Rule of Thirds, Centred Composition, Leading Lines, Fill the Frame, Pattern and Texture, Rule of Odds, Colour Theory in our earlier blogs, now let’s proceed to Frame within a Frame Composition!

What is Frame within a Frame Composition? How to Use it?

When you frame a scene using natural surroundings or man-made objects, it’s called Frame within a Frame Composition. You can use a window, a mirror, a bridge, an archway/doorway, a cave or overhanging branches to frame your scene. Even, if the scene is partially framed, it works well.

Mirror

Why to Use Frame within a Frame Composition

isolate it from any distraction and clutter

In the above pic taken at the Kala Ghoda Festival, the smartphone serves as a frame which draws your attention to the beautiful lanterns. It takes your eyes away from the surrounding clutter & distraction and lets you focus on the lanterns.

portraying depth

The above pic is of the Kerala backwaters. The roof of the boat forms a frame which adds depth to the natural beauty of the place.

Create layers

The above pic is of the beautifully lit Ferris Wheel at Luna Park, Sydney. The iconic Sydney Harbour Bridge serves as a frame which adds layers within the shot.

drawing their attention to a defined point

The Dubai Frame leads your eyes into the photograph. It draws your attention to a particular point in the scene.

create more structure

In the above photograph of a church, the archway forms a frame. It creates more structure in the image and makes it visually appealing.

We bring you ‘Jo & His Camera’ Comic Strips wherein a Magical Camera gives DSLR photography tutorials to Jo.

Click on the below Image to see the Comic wherein the Camera explains Jo, the concept of Frame within a Frame with the help of practical examples.

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How to Use Colour Theory in Photography to create Visually Appealing Pictures

Colours instantly attract your attention, right? While photographing a scene, look for colour combinations that you think will make your picture stand out. You can use the colour theory aka colour schemes, one of the important composition techniques, to create striking images.

We have explained how to use Rule of Thirds, Centred Composition, Leading Lines, Fill the Frame, Pattern and Texture Composition, Rule of Odds in our earlier blogs, now let’s proceed to Colour Theory!

The Colour Wheel

colour wheel

In the above colour wheel, the colours that you see opposite to each other are called Complementary Colours. For instance, pink & green, yellow & blue are complementary colours. On the other hand, colours that you see next to each other on the wheel are known as Analogous Colours. Blue & green, red & orange are Analogous Colours. Third in the Colour Theory is Monochrome wherein you capture a scene in black & white or in varying tones of a single colour.

Now let’s see an example of each of the Colour Theory.

Complementary Colours

Complementary Colours

The above picture of an illuminated building looks appealing. It is because of the presence of complementary colours; yellow, blue and purple.

Colour theory

Here’s another example of complementary colours. The use of pink & green in the frame instantly grabs your attention, isn’t it?

Analogous Colours

Analogous colors

Above is a picture of a (blue) bird amidst greenery. It makes use of analogous colours which is blue & green.

Monochrome

Monochrome colours

Use of black & white colour in the above photograph evokes a different emotion. A coloured photograph wouldn’t have created that effect.

We bring you ‘Jo & His Camera’ Comic Strips wherein a Magical Camera gives DSLR photography tutorials to Jo.

Click on the below Image to see the Comic wherein the Camera explains Jo, the concept of Colour Theory with the help of practical examples.

Colour cover

So, next time – when you are looking to create captivating photographs, think of the Colour Theory!

What is Rule of Odds Composition and Why to Use it in Photography

Want to capture fab images? Then, focus on your composition while photographing a scene! We have explained how to use Rule of Thirds, Centred Composition, Leading Lines, Fill the Frame, Pattern and Texture Composition in our earlier blogs, now let’s proceed to Rule of Odds Composition!

What is Rule of Odds Composition in Photography

Rule of Odds 1

Rule of Odds Composition is when the scene you are photographing contains odd number of subjects like three or five. Odd number of subjects make a picture look dynamic and playful. We suggest, try not to capture more than five subjects in a scene as it makes the picture crowded and difficult for the eyes to focus on the image.

Why should you use Rule of Odds Composition in Photography

Let’s first talk about having even number of subjects in a photograph. If you have even number of subjects, say two – your brain struggles to decide which subject you should look at first. In case of four or more, your brain ends up pairing them which disturbs the flow of your view.

On the other hand, when you have odd number of subjects in a photograph – you cannot pair them.

Rule of odds 2 resize

As you look at the above image of the horse, you enjoy a free flow. You can focus on each of the 5 heads, one at a time and admire the details of each one of them.

We bring you ‘Jo & His Camera’ Comic Strips wherein a Magical Camera gives DSLR photography tutorials to Jo.

Click on the below Image to see the Comic wherein the Camera explains Jo, the concept of Rule of Odds Composition with the help of practical examples.

rule-of-odds feature

 

How to Use Pattern and Texture Composition in Photography

Composition plays a vital role in creating visually appealing photographs. We have explained how to use Rule of Thirds Composition, Centred Composition, Leading Lines and Fill the Frame Composition in our earlier blogs, now let us walk you through Pattern and Texture Composition!

Pattern Composition in Photography

While photographing a scene, look for patterns. The human eye is attracted to patterns as they represent harmony. You can find impressive patterns in a piece of architecture, in a painting, on a flower or anywhere in your natural surroundings.

Pattern

Above is an example of Pattern Composition. This photograph is of ‘Telescopus’ – a 3D sculpture by Dominic Johns, on the Cairns Esplanade in Australia. It depicts Mangrove Mud Whelk (large snails). The pattern and the repeated colours on the sculpture makes it an eye-catching image.

Texture Composition in Photography

While pattern is a visual element, texture can be felt as well – as it has some level of dimension to it. You can find interesting textures while photographing a cobbled street, a roof, a tile, a wall or cracked mud.

Texture

Above is an example of Texture Composition. This photograph is of Jenolan Caves in Australia. The texture of the cave walls and the coloured flowstones instantly draws the attention of the viewer and compels him/her to admire its beauty.

Tip: Zoom in your lens or move closer to the subject to capture complete details of its pattern and texture.

We bring you ‘Jo & His Camera’ Comic Strips wherein a Magical Camera gives DSLR photography tutorials to Jo.

To understand Pattern and Texture Composition, Click on the below Image to see the Comic wherein the Camera explains Jo, the concept of Pattern and Texture Composition with the help of practical examples.

pattern and texture feature

Also, try using more than one composition techniques in a single photograph to create striking images.

Why and How to Use Fill the Frame Composition in Photography

A Strong Composition can make your photograph stand out. Asking yourself questions like what emotion/mood you want to convey through your photo, who is the main subject in the scene and so on, will help you compose interesting images. We have explained how to use Rule of Thirds Composition, Centred Composition and Leading Lines in our earlier blogs, now let us learn Fill the Frame Composition!

What is Fill the Frame Composition

fill frame 3

Fill the Frame Composition simply means you capture the image of your main subject in such a way, so as to make it appear larger in your photograph. This composition instantly draws the attention of the viewer to your subject.

Why to Use Fill the Frame Composition in Photography

To allow the viewer to focus completely on your subject.

To bring out more details of the photographed subject.

To keep the image free from cluttered backgrounds, foregrounds or any other distractions that aren’t relevant to your subject.

How to Use Fill the Frame Composition in Photography

Zoom in your lens such that the (large) image of your subject fills the frame of your DSLR.

Or

Move closer to your subject to capture its details. (You can even crop out the edges of the subject to make it more interesting).

Or

After you click the picture, crop the image. But, we suggest – don’t crop it more or else you may end up with a pixelated (low quality) image.

Tip: Use wide Aperture opening (small f-number) which will make the background blur and help your subject stand out and highlight its details.

We bring you ‘Jo & His Camera’ Comic Strips wherein a Magical Camera gives DSLR photography tutorials to Jo.

To understand Fill the Frame Composition, Click on the below Image to see the Comic wherein the Camera explains Jo, the concept of Fill the Frame Composition with the help of practical examples.

fill-the-frame-composition feature

So, go ahead and experiment with different composition techniques to create extraordinary images!